Saturday, July 31, 2021

The Best Story I Ever Told...


In the summer of 1988, I was a photojournalist for a pioneering cultural exchange between Soviet and American high school students in the Republic of Latvia.  This was the era of Gorbachev, the era of Glasnost and Perestroika, and the beginning of the end of the Cold War with the “Evil Empire”.  Through the catalyst of a musical play called “Peace Child”, these 15 American and 15 Latvian high school students dealt with the (then) very real fear of nuclear war between the U.S. and the Soviet Union.  Their play toured through Latvia and brought audiences to tears.  And the participants developed a friendship so strong that they had to be torn apart when saying good-bye just so they could make the departing train.  If there was ever a great way to bring two warring countries together, exchanges like this are a wonderful and meaningful way to start.

The 1988 Peace Child in Latvia participants

Armed with my cameras, a tape recorder, and about 150 rolls of slide film, I documented the exchange with the intent of telling this important story back in America.  The multi-media presentation that resulted has won awards and has moved American audiences to tears as well.  Good stories can do that.

When I first heard about Peace Child two years earlier, I was fascinated by the mission and the stories a past participant had told me.  I thought this organization was doing something brave, risky, out-of-the-box, important, and… obscure.  Nobody in the states had heard of them.  So I decided that this story should be told.  I got involved in the organization, learned enough Russian to be dangerous, and two years later became an “embedded photographer” in a subsequent exchange for the sole purpose of documenting one of these cultural exchanges and bringing the story home to American audiences.  

Just one problem – I was a NASA engineer at the time, and as such you just can’t go to the Soviet Union on your vacation without raising a few eyebrows with the State Department.  Okay, two problems – my father AND my brother both worked for a major defense contractor, and my trip to Latvia could have derailed both of their careers had I not handled this carefully.  


My father, who historically has always supported questionable endeavors like this, advised me to be as transparent as possible with the security teams of NASA and the defense contractor.  Tell them where you’re going and why; take their traveler’s training which told me what to look out for (“Their supplied translators will all be KGB!”; “KGB members will approach you”), and finally come home and be “debriefed” – tell them where you went, who you saw, and who approached you wanting to buy secrets.

The trip would last one month and I couldn’t count on buying any supplies (like film or batteries) once there.  I took what seemed like the heaviest camera bag in the world, containing:
  1. Minolta Maxxum 9000 (their “pro” AF camera)
  2. 28-85 f/3.5 lens + the 80-200 f/2.8 G lens (although it wasn’t called “G” lens at the time)
  3. Because the Maxxum technology was new and unproven, I needed to have a backup system too.  So I took a Minolta XE-7 and 3 prime lenses.  Just my luck that the Maxxum and XE-7 had no interchangeable parts – neither lenses nor batteries could be shared.
  4. 140 rolls of transparency film (my final product was going to be a multi-media slide show), evenly split between Kodachrome 200, Fujichrome 50, 200, and 400
  5. 10 rolls of Kodak T-Max p3200, the highest ISO commercial B&W film available at the time.  I expected to be able to shoot in the worst possible light with this stuff.
  6. Sony Walkman stereo cassette recorder (essential for the audio portion of the story)
  7. Tripod and flash 

I will say I was a little smug being an American and walking into Russia with the best camera in the world at the time, while seeing what passed for state-of-the-art Soviet cameras used by local photojournalists – the Zenit which appeared to me like a German camera from 40 years earlier.  Then I realized that their purely mechanical cameras would work in Siberia in the wintertime, a scenario where my high-tech camera would surely fail (batteries and electronics just don’t work when it’s that cold).

The trip was wonderful and went exactly as expected.  The kids had only 10 days to put a show together, and then they went on tour to take their message to the people.  The theatres were packed and the audiences reacted with enthusiasm and tears (just as I heard they would!)  And the teenagers involved became the best of friends, which is always what happens in theatre.  


I was able to capture these audience reaction shots in near total darkness using the new Kodak p3200 B&W film.  I was livid when the idiots at LaGuardia ran it through X-ray upon my return.


At the end of the one-month tour, tears were the order of the day when it was time to depart. The cultural exchange had achieved its short-term goals.  (Possibly the long-term goals too, since the Soviet Union has since dissolved, although it’s difficult to ascertain whether these cultural exchanges had anything to do with that.)

The multi-media presentation is below; grab some popcorn and make sure you have the gear icon on the youtube player set to 1080p for maximum quality!  And read on for some behind-the-scenes stories from this trip.


Some Anecdotes From Behind the Scenes

Back then the Soviet Union was a closed economy – the Ruble wasn’t being traded on the open market, and so it was nearly impossible to import or export goods.  The Pepsi Cola company found a way around that – they bartered for Russian Vodka, which is why Pepsi was all over the Soviet Union in 1988 but Coke had no presence at all. 

Baskin Robbins, the famous American Ice Cream store, also found a way to “import” a store into Moscow (this is before McDonald’s managed to do it), but something inside the store got some of the kids quite upset.  On a small piece of torn-off corrugated cardboard was a handwritten sign that said “Hard Currency Only – No Rubles”.  “How dare they offer this great product in Moscow but deny it to their own citizens!” exclaimed one participant, who then left in a huff.  I stayed and witnessed a citizen of Moscow walk in, order in Russian, pay in rubles, and walk out.

What’s going on?  Simple: The Moscow citizen couldn’t read the sign.  It was in English.  The handwritten sign was a symptom of the black market for “hard” (read: exchangeable) currency which was in huge demand and they didn’t mind harassing all of the tourists in order to get it.  Similar stories were heard everywhere – Normally tickets to the ballet were a few kopeks (the equivalent of about 80 US cents; however if you order your ticket in broken Russian the price jumped to ten dollars.  

This is a picture of the famous Ferris wheel in Gorky Park, Moscow. 
 It's impressively large, but I stopped being a fan when I got in and had a close look at one of the welds that’s holding the wheel together.

My Minolta XE-7 had a problem. Being an engineer, I had tools, glue, and duct tape with me and was able to fix it.

This work was done in 1988, back when the term "multi-media" meant two slide projectors and synchronized music (and I kept the narration live just to give the show a sense of presence).  I am probably the only photographer in the world to have also designed and built his own slide projector dissolve unit from scratch, including hardware design and assembly language programming, because the units available at the time did not meet my needs.  You can read about how I did it in Chapter 10 of my 1987 book, "Control the World with HP-IL", available for free here.

I went back to Latvia in 2008 for a 30th anniversary reunion.  The country had changed considerably.  After the Soviet Union fell apart, the Latvians kicked all the Russians out and reclaimed their land and property.  But the economy – which is still primarily agriculture-based – is struggling.  In a fit of irony, it relies on the insanely wealthy Russians (something else that never used to be) who now reside in Riga.  Moscow now houses some of the most expensive real estate in the world.



Next month: Computational Photography
Until then,
Yours Truly, Gary Friedman


6 comments:

  1. Fascinating glimpse back into a different time

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  2. Thank you for sharing such a powerful story.

    I^m now sat here reflecting on so many things…
    the importance of cultural exchange
    What can be achieved with a vision
    How such a brilliant presentation can be constructed combining stills with voice and music
    What confidence you must have had being responsible for capturing such an event as it unfolded yet not being able to see the slides till later.

    Not often I’m stopped dead in my tracks by such moving and such a wonderful film

    Thanks for pushing this out giving me the chance to see it

    David

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    Replies
    1. Thanks so much, David! Spread this video around. The story needs to be told.

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  3. Absolutely superb Gary; the photographs, the slideshow, the narrative and the soundtrack, all A1++. Who needs Photoshop and Powerpoint when you have skills like yours? :-)

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  4. Great, riveting storytelling, Gary! And I truly appreciate the skill it took to put together, as it took me back to my own home darkroom days (late '70s/early '80s), which was limited to slide film and reversal printing (talk about needing to "get it right in-camera"!). For me, at that time, it was using the Konica FS-1. I never had the Maxxum 9000, but when Minolta produced the 7000 ("first commercially available SLR with AF" if I recall correctly) I just had to have it! No internet then, but I recall reading the letters in Pop Photo mag, people saying that AF was just a passing fad... "no self-respecting pro would ever use it!" ...sorry, I've strayed off-topic but you conjured up lots of memories as that Maxxum 7000 was my 1st A-mount camera. I've still got the 7000, and have kept an a99ii, while the a7Riv has become my primary camera (using mostly adapted A-mount glass). Thanks again for stirring up the memories, and most of all, thanks for posting that wonderful, compelling story!

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